INDEX          Promising Perpetual Motion Research
BEST PERPETUAL MOTION MACHINES!!!

REPEAT LEVER 4.2











ABOVE
RL4 = 50% (1/2) trad rating of <150% over-unity



















ABOVE
VERT LEVER = 50% traditional rating of <150% over-unity


















ABOVE
NIBW 4 = 50% traditional rating of <150% over-unity

















ABOVE
SWVL LEVER = 50% (1/2) trad rating of <150% over-unity

















ABOVE
CRSCT LVR = 50% (1/2) trad rating of <150% over-unity


















ABOVE
TRGH LEVER = 33.33% (1/3) traditional rating of <133.33%
over-unity

















ABOVE
1ST FULLY = 27.14% traditional rating of <127.14% over-unity
















ABOVE
ESCH LEVER = 25% (1/4) trad rating of <125% over-unity
NOTE: THIS DEVICE HAS AN UPWARD-DIRECTED LEVER
WHICH MAY REQUIRE MORE CONSERVATION THAN
INDICATED.


















































































-------UNDECIDED RATINGS BELOW------
















































































































SUPPORT FROM OTHERS

"Say... you talk about pulling something up an inclined plane
with an equal weight. You're right. This is possible. And not at
all a violation of conservation of energy."

---Ian Switzer, CEO of a Cornell engineering company


"Hey that's really cool and I think you're very resourceful making
that stuff out of building toys paperboard and duct tape, thanks
for showing us the exponential efficiency momentum is capable
of. I hope to see more cool videos from you, keep up the good
work."

--Jer Ram, via YouTube


JULY 8TH, 2018: VERTICAL LEVER DEVICE, variation on the
vertical lever mostly proven. ---
History of Perpetual Motion
Machines

SEPT 11, 2018 --- ESCHER DELTA CONCEPT, similar to the
Wedge-type toys, except with turned-up corners and particular
slant.  


May 12, 2018-- NATURAL TORQUE DEVICE ---A device
demonstrated natural torque with likely maintence of altitude in
some situations, suggesting the fulfillment of the ultimate dream
of perpetual motion--with standard parts for the first time!  


MAY 12, 2017 --- ESCHER LEVER First experiment.   

MAY 4, 2018: SWIVEL LEVER DEVICE idea using angle of
pivot for advantage (similar but less promising designs also by
Coppedge in 2009 or so). ---
History of Perpetual Motion Machines


12 JULY 2016 --- FIRST FULLY ---Significant update 2017-10-11
more accurately reflecting successful experiment by Nathan Coppedge:
Ratios in partial experiment are workable, but are somewhat different
than originally thought. Ball gains diabolical advantage by using a
higher midpoint of the ball at the end of each module than height of
the track at the start of the track for the ball. All motion occurs by
weight and counterweight application, in a simple, repeatable process.
Construction requires something close to 10.8 : 6.25 leverage at the
beginning of each track, and 14: 6.25 leverage at the end of each, with
counterweight being a ratio of "a quarter, a standard penny, a standard
marble, and 5 inches of duct tape"- this being the ratio of heaviness
compared to a standard marble, and the lever itself must be extremely
lightweight relative to both weights. Motion occurs through a mixture
of equilibrization, weight application on both ends, and differences in
leverage power. Many other principles are also operating. The first
fully defensible perpetual motion machine, dating from ~6pm, July 12,
2016. By Nathan Larkin Coppedge: philosopher, artist, inventor, poet.
Note: A small weight may need to be added  to the end of the lever for
balance, much like a rapier sword, as shown in the
Successful Over-
Unity Experiment 1 video.

18 MARCH 2016 -- NIBW4 --- A design by Nathan Coppedge.
Known more officially as the "Not-If-But-When" Machine #4, this
design is virtually proven to return the ball at the same altitude, as
per (an)... experiment building on the Successful Over-Unity
Experiment 1. He called this second successfuly experiment
Successful Perpetual Motion Experiment 2, because it is the
second experiment he conducted that points towards highly-
qualified design of the machines. The Successful Perpetual
Motion Experiment 1 --- a third experiment --- simply showed a
likelihood for maintaining equal altitude in a specific design. The
experiment for this design was more general in its implications.

10 JANUARY 2016 -- NIBW3 ---This device concept is a second
design making use of the differential angle concept, and is dubbed
the Not-If-But-When Machine #3 (It is the third design of this
series. The second design was of a different type), by Nathan
Coppedge from 2016. In Nathan Coppedge's differential angle
concepts, there are two segments: in the first segment, significant
support is offered from a fixed member (a straight half-track
sloped to accomodate the moving ball), and a second segment
involves less fixed support, permitting the ball to activate the
lever. Meanwhile, the mobile element, usually a counterweighted
lever, is designed to permit constant motion between the two or
more segments. In other designs multiple levers are required, but
here the hurdle is the question of how to prevent the spiraling
effect which would require net loss of altitude. Perhaps short
sloped connecting ramps are not required between the two
members because of momentum provided by the counterweighted
lever (?).

3 JULY 2014 -- ESCHER MACHINE--- Experiment purportedly
proved that an object could roll upwards using a 'master angle,'
raising the possibility of a real working 'M.C. Escher machine' in
which a spherical object rolls perpetually. Nathan Coppedge
tested  his small model with a level, and found it was possible for
all four connected slopes --- running in four different directions in
a parallelogram shape --- to be independently prone to linear
motion in the same cyclical direction.  This was in spite of the fact
that half of the slopes were directed slightly upwards, using a
sideways or horizontal angle and momentum from the angled
backboard.  He considered this to be a seminal achievement, if it
was not already proved in some other example. The complete
working model remains unproven as of October 2014, although his
experimentation with the master angel concept shows at least by
conjecture that upward motion may be possible with minimal input.

9 - 10 NOV 2013 -- SUCCESSFUL OVER-UNITY
EXPERIMENT 1 --- The Modular Trough Leverage Device, a
simple theoretical over-unity device consisting of horizontally
repeated  units, each of which according to a recorded video is
proven to work. The small difference between the initial height of
the lever is accommodated using an upwards motion. Further, the
mostly horizontal distance traveled in each unit is permitted
because the marble or spherical weight is coasting along a nearly
horizontal surface, with support coming from a fixed two-sided
track support, for each modular unit or lever arrangement. The
rising motion which occurs through the use of a counterweight is
designed to permit the downwards motion to operate the levers at
the beginning of each cycle, like a permanent spring.

CIRCA 2007 - 2010 REPEAT LEVER 2. Repeat Leverage 2
Variation 1. This is the design that later led to the Nov 2013
Trough Lever experiments, as a result of frustrations with the
construction of this design. If you observe the direction of the
leverage through its motion in this case, you observe that it is
barely possible --- perhaps possible --- to see it working! The
operation is designed to occur as usual through a 1:1 compensated
ratio between weights, and a difference between supported and
unsupported weight on the mobile side, e.g. through ramps
connected somehow.

29 MARCH 2007 -- [ABOVE] MOTIVE MASS MACHINE.
Designed to work provided an unbalanced principle between each
of the three units. The principle is, in principle, a result of using
unsupported mass to create supported, partially-horizontal motion.
The unsupported mass has more potential energy than the
uspported mass. This version is Type / Iteration 2. In other
variations each of the three units is a double-seesaw with the top
of each being much smaller. This is meant ot limit the major
constraint, which is the ratio between the small heavy unsupported
mass and the following equal mass in relation to the vertical
distance moved by each seesaw unit. The pulley arrangement is
designed to permit automatic chain reactions if only the
unbalanced principle works. The theory has been partially proven
by experiment as early as 2007.

29 OCT 2006 -- TILT MOTOR --- Perhaps the first concept for a
horizontal as opposed to horizontally-rolling wheel  applied to
perpetual motion, the concept was conceived by Nathan
Coppedge... shortly after the founding of his website at
nathancopedge.com. It is inspired by a coffee cup rolling on its
side. Previous perpetual motion machine designs such as the
Bhaskara Wheel required much more vertical motion.


THE BEST PMM AT NATHANCOPPEDGE.COM

NATHAN COPPEDGES PMMS ON QUORA

ADDITIONAL MATERIALS AT OLD PMM SITE

INDEX
Not-If-But-When 4
Not-If-But-When 3
Tilt Motor
Escher
Motive Mass
RL Var 1
Natural Torque Device
Gain in Torque
Vertical Lever Perpetual Motion Device
Trough Perpetual Motion
First Fully Provable PMM
NIBW6 Perpetual Motion
V Slant Device
NIBW 1, 5 PERPETUAL MOTION

ABOVE
NIBW 6 = 21.43% traditional rating
of <121.43% over-unity
ABOVE
NIBW 3 = 16.67% (1/6) trad
rating of <116.67% over-unity
ABOVE:
V SLANT = 16.67% (1/6)
traditional rating of <116.67%
over-unity
ABOVE:
NIBW 1,5 = 16.67% (1/6) trad
rating of <116.67% over-unity
ABOVE:
ORIGINAL ESCHER
MACHINE
UNCONVENTIONAL RATING:
INF INFINITY
ABOVE
NATURAL TORQUE DEVICE
UNCONVENTIONAL RATING:
2 INFINITY
ABOVE
REPEAT LEVER 2
UNCONVENTIONAL RATING:
2 INFINITY
ABOVE
MOTIVE MASS MACHINE
AND TILT MOTOR

ARE PUT IN SAME CLASS
WITH UNCONVENTIONAL
RATING OF 1 INFINITY