Tricks Potentially Demonstrating PM Principles     back to PM MainI've brainstormed some practical dynamics demonstrative of principles whichmight work in higher-efficiency devices:SIMPLE TRICKS THAT MAY DEMONSTRATE PM PRINCIPLES  1. Gravity and Relation: An oaktag or other lightly stiff board may be placed laterally between one's hands so that the center weighs unsupported or resists pressure from hands through the flexion of the board; the weight of the board is just significant enough that it is certain that some force returns from upwards pressure;the board trick demonstrates how it is not a given that a plane is completely inert,also that pressure applied to flex the board downwards is distinguished significantlyfrom pressure applied to flex downwards; the difference bears on what I call"volitional principles" of energy-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------SIMPLE EXAMPLES: A coin seemingly suspended on edge (above left) shows how common assumptions may not apply to every case. Here the coin is altered in thickness, resulting in a case where it CAN in fact stand on its own, on a level surface.The second photo (above right) is the case of dominoes which extend a given movement across space and through various twists and turns, without increasing the initial force required. Considering two cases, one in which the first domino struck a short series, and another in which a long one is struck, the potential of energy is extensible independent of initial force. Obviously it takes greater energy to set up a greater number of dominoes, but in the abstract it may be conceived that upright dominoes are symbolic of the potential of mass, whereas a pushed domino is the active or input principle. Thus extension is more a product of mass-energy than of input-energy (for examples of designs attempting advantage on this principle see the Tilt Motor and Motive Mass Type 2).-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. Slope and Viscocity: in the context of a hoola hoop or  a sling, or the centerslipping out of a deck of cards, particular methods make enormous differences ineffects. This suggests a dynamic whereby special attention of the relationshipbetween slope and viscocity leads to greater energy conservation when comparedto the desired result. This has been evident to me particularly when riding a bicycleup a slight incline, where I have found that approaching a slope at an angle isrationally speaking less of a slope, and also that this observation combined with asubtle S-curve in the approach (accounting for balance and speed on the bicycle)results in a near miraculous retention of energy and reduction of frictional resistance.(This is far more difficult at high speeds, in the case of a small ramp). I attribute thisto distributing weight at an angle that is not strictly vertical, in spite of a forwarddirectiveness, such that energy is converted not into the angle of the ramp, but at anangle tangential to the angle, such that the angle on the tire is steep, but in relation tothe directivity of the energy, is actually quite shallow. If there are means to using lessenergy going up, presumably it is easier than thought to gain energy going down. Forexample, I must refer to an argument I have used in the past, that throwing energyinto a downward slope is more productive than throwing it into an upward slope.The same is the case with downward trajectories, even if in ballistics this is not anefficient use of distance. This viscous effect may also be demonstrated in a tureen orbasin in which water is cycled in a centrifugal manner.3. Constructs: Houses use energy to remain upright; perhaps the same constant energy might be used towards movement for the same duration; some say inputting for movement is different from input for simple mass, in part because built structures rely on inherent properties of materials; however, one might argue that a windmill that is power-viable takes no more energy to support than a similar structure that doesn't produce; thus, where movement is inherent in structure, this suggests energy inherent in mass. That perpetual motion would follow from this principle is less a matter of the energy-viability of mass than of the mobile properties of structure.RETURN TO N. COPPEDGE'S PM SUMMARY PAGETo offer criticism, commentary, or observations to the inventor, please e-mail me at                       contact@nathancoppedge.com                         NATHANCOPPEDGE.COM
 DESIGNS