Perpetual Motion Machine Concept Utilizing Rising and    Free-Falling Buoys, Second Iteration.SUMMARYA machine incorporating a chain of interlinked buoys strung aroundthree wheels, in which energy might hypothetically be derived as aresult of the unidirectional nature of free-falling buoys fed into thebottom of a water tank.The buoys free-fall through a large portion of their path, from the lipof an upper drum into the base of a lower drum. As you will see, theuse of a wider conical lower drum reduces the entry-resistance forthe single buoy that must make the transition at a given time.Assuming there is sufficient force acting on the chain of buoys, asingle buoy may then enter the lower drum, and incline upward at a45 degree angle towards the midpoint wheel, a compromise betweenlosing buoyant force and allowing the bottom drum to distribute theweight of the water in the upper drum.At the junction between the lower drum and the upper drum(hereafter called the “midpoint”, even though it is not always strictlyin the center, or even the center of mass, necessarily) the buoys aredirected vertically, the better to take advantage of the full buoyantforce, and reduce the volume, and thus weight, of water in the upperdrum.For criticism of this design, see my Personal Critique.Rising and Free-Falling Buoys Diagrams        nathancoppedge.com
 NOTE:The First Iteration, bearing a strong resemblance to Frank Tatay's design of 1929, is present online at:Rising and Free-Falling Buoys Continuous Motion, Iteration 1
 Questions, comments, or otherinquiries may be directed to:contact@nathancoppedge.com
NATHAN COPPEDGE--Perpetual Motion Concepts
 STATISTICS: Grav-Buoy2VOLITION: 4(4 active u / 1 passive u)EQUILIBRIUM: 60(60 u / 1 stem / 1 cycle)EFFICIENCY: 0.07VOLITIONAL STATEMENT:Even in principle, ignoring laws ofnature, the device is encumberedby a dependence on a hugenumber of buoys strung toimpressive height. Frank Tatay'ssimilar design has been aroundfor almost 100 years.
 More on my concept ofVolitional math atIMPOSSIBLEMACHINE.COM
The likely inspiration for the
grav-buoy concept is water that
sifts gradually into a floating object